University of Kansas Field Station

Vascular Plants

Abbreviations

  • n: native
  • i: introduced
  • A: aquatic/wetland
  • F: forest
  • G: cool-season grasslands
  • O: successional/disturbed sites
  • P: native tallgrass prairie
  • BW: Baldwin Woods
  • RT: Robinson Tract
  • TC: Tri-County area
  • WP: Welda Prairie
  • V: Voucher specimen
  • R: Reliable report
Family Genus/Species Common Name Origin Habitat BW RT TC WP
Acanthaceae Ruellia humilis Fringeleaf ruellia n G,P   R V  
  Ruellia strepens Woodland ruellia n F V R V  
                 
Aceraceae Acer negundo Box elder n F V R V  
  Acer saccharinum Silver maple n F   R V V
  Acer saccharum Sugar maple n F R      
                 
Adiantaceae Pellaea atropurpurea Purple cliff-brake           V
                 
Alismataceae Sagittaria cuneata Duckpotato arrowhead n A     V  
  Sagittaria latifolia Common arrowhead n A     V  
                 
Amaranthaceae Amaranthus hybridus Slender pigweed i O R   R  
  Amaranthus palmeri Palmer's pigweed n O     R  
  Amaranthus rudis Water hemp n A,O,P V R V  
  Froelichia floridana var. campestris Field snakecotton n O R      
                 
Anacardiaceae Rhus aromatica var. serotina Fragrant sumac n F   R V V
  Rhus copallina Dwarf sumac n F,P V R V  
  Rhus glabra Smooth sumac n F,P V R V V
  Toxicodendron radicans Poison ivy n F,G,O R R R  
                 
Annonaceae Asimina triloba Pawpaw n F V   V V
                 
Apiaceae Chaerophyllum procumbens Spreading chervil n F V V    
  Chaerophyllum tainturieri var. tainturieri Erect chervil n P R   V V
  Conium maculatum Poison hemlock i O V      
  Cryptotaenia canadensis Honewort n F V   V  
  Daucus carota Queen Anne's lace           V
  Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth's eryngo           V
  Eryngium yuccifolium Button snakeroot n P   R V V
  Lomatium foeniculaceum var. daucifolium Carrotleaf lomatium n P     R V
  Osmorhiza longistylis Anise root n F V R V  
  Polytaenia nuttallii Prairie parsley n P     V V
  Sanicula canadensis Canada sanicle n F V   V  
  Sanicula gregaria Cluster sanicle n F V R V  
  Spermolepis inermis Spreading spermolepis n O     V V
  Torilis arvensis Hedge parsley i O V V V V
  Zizea aurea Golden alexanders n F,O,P     V V
                 
Apocynaceae Amsonia illustris Shining blue star           V
  Apocynum cannabinum Hemp dogbane n A,O,P V R V V
  Vinca minor Common periwinkle i O V      
                 
Araceae Arisaema dracontium Green dragon n F V   R  
  Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit n F V   V  
                 
Araliaceae Aralia racemosa American spikenard n F V      
                 
Asclepiadaceae Asclepias hirtella Prairie milkweed           V
  Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed n A   V    
  Asclepias meadii Mead's milkweed n P     V V
  Asclepias purpurascens Purple milkweed n F V   R  
  Asclepias stenophylla Narrowleaf milkweed n P     V V
  Asclepias sullivantii Smooth milkweed n P   V V V
  Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed n O,P V R V V
  Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior Butterfly milkweed n G,P R R V V
  Asclepias verticillata Whorled milkweed n G,O,P V R V V
  Asclepias viridiflora Green milkweed n P     V V
  Asclepias viridis Spider milkweed n G,O V   V V
  Cynanchum laeve Climbing milkweed n F V   R  
                 
Asteraceae Achillea millefolium ssp. lanulosa Yarrow n G,O,P R R V  
  Ambrosia artemisiifolia Common ragweed n A,O V R V V
  Ambrosia bidentata Lanceleaf ragweed           V
  Ambrosia psilostachya Western ragweed n P   R V  
  Ambrosia trifida Giant ragweed n A,O V R V  
  Amphiachyris dracunculoides Annual broomweed n O     R V
  Antennaria neglecta Field pussytoes n G,O,P V   R V
  Antennaria parlinii Plantainleaf pussytoes n F V   V  
  Arctium minus Common burdock i O   V R  
  Arnoglossum plantagineum Tuberous Indian-plantain           V
  Artemisia ludoviciana var. mexicana Louisiana sage n O     V V
  Aster drummondi Drummond's aster n F V   V  
  Aster ericoides Heath aster n P   R V  
  Aster lanceolatus ssp. simplex Panicled aster n O     R  
  Aster novae-angliae New England aster n P   R V  
  Aster oolentangiensis Azure aster n P     V  
  Aster pilosus White aster n G,O,P V R V  
  Aster praealtus Willowleaf aster n F,P   R V  
  Bidens aristosa var. retrorsa Coreopsis beggartick n A,O,P   R V  
  Bidens bipinnata Spanish needles n O V   R  
  Bidens frondosa Devil's beggartick n A V   V  
  Bidens vulgata Tall beggartick n A R      
  Boltonia asteroides var. latisquama Marsh-aster           V
  Brickellia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa False boneset           V
  Cacalia artriplicifolia Pale Indian plantain n F V V V  
  Cacalia plantaginea Tuberous Indian plantain n P R   V  
  Carduus nutans Musk thistle i G,O V V R  
  Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Ox-eye daisy i G     V  
  Cirsium altissimum Tall thistle n A,G,O,P V R V  
  Cirsium undulatum Wavyleaf thistle n P   V   V
  Cirsium vulgare Bull thistle i O   R   V
  Conyza canadensis Horseweed n A,O V R V V
  Coreopsis grandiflora var. harveyana Bigflower coreopsis           V
  Coreopsis palmata Finger coreopsis n P R   V V
  Echinacea pallida Pale purple coneflower n P R   V V
  Eclipta prostrata Yerba de Jajo n O     V  
  Erechtites hieraciifolia var. hieraciifolia American burnweed n A V V   V
  Erigeron annuus Annual fleabane n O V   V V
  Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus Philadelphia fleabane n F V   V V
  Erigeron strigosus Daisy fleabane n G,O,P V R V V
  Eupatorium altissimum Tall eupatorium n G,O,P V R V  
  Eupatorium perfoliatum Common boneset n A   V    
  Eupatorium purpureum Sweet joe-pye weed n F V   V  
  Eupatorium rugosum White snakeroot n F V R V  
  Eupatorium serotinum Late eupatorium n F     R  
  Euthamia graminifolia Grassleaf euthamia n G   R V  
  Euthamia gymnospermoides Viscid euthamia n G,P     V  
  Gnaphalium obtusifolium Fragrant cudweed n O,P V R V  
  Gnaphalium purpureum Purple cudweed n P R      
  Grindelia lanceolata Spinytooth gumweed           V
  Grindelia squarrosa Curlycup gumweed n O R      
  Helenium autumnale Common sneezeweed n A   V R V
  Helianthus annuus Common sunflower n G,O,P R R V  
  Helianthus grosseserratus Sawtooth sunflower n G,P     V  
  Helianthus hirsutus Hairy sunflower n F V   V  
  Helianthus mollis Ashy sunflower n G,P     V V
  Helianthus pauciflorus Stiff sunflower           V
  Helianthus rigidus Stiff sunflower n G,P     V  
  Helianthus salicifolius Willowleaf sunflower           V
  Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem artichoke n F R R    
  Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra False sunflower n F,G R   V  
  Hieracium longipilum Longbeard hawkweed n O,P V   R V
 

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus var. corymbosus

Flat-top woolly-white           V
  Iva annua Annual sumpweed n A V R V  
  Krigia caespitosa Dwarf dandelion n P     V V
  Kuhnia eupatorioides False boneset n G,P   R V  
  Lactuca canadensis Canada lettuce n O,P V R V  
  Lactuca floridana Florida lettuce n F V   R  
  Lactuca ludoviciana Louisiana lettuce n G,P   R V  
  Lactuca saligna Willowleaf lettuce i O V   V  
  Lactuca serriola Prickly lettuce i O V R V  
  Leucanthemum vulgare Common ox-eye daisy           V
  Liatris aspera Rough gayfeather n P R   V V
  Liatris hirsuta Hairy gayfeather n P V   V  
  Liatris mucronata Pointed gayfeather           V
  Liatris punctata Dotted gayfeather n P   V    
  Liatris pycnostachya Thickspike gayfeather n G,P     V V
  Packera plattensis Plains groundsel           V
  Prenanthes aspera Rough whitelettuce n P     V V
  Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium Fragrant false-cudweed           V
  Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Carolina false dandelion n O V R V  
  Ratibida columnifera Yellow prairie coneflower n P     R V
  Ratibida pinnata Grayhead prairie coneflower n G,P V   V V
  Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima Black-eyed susan n G,O,P V R V V
  Rudbeckia laciniata Golden glow n A   V    
  Silphium integrifolium Wholeleaf rosinweed n P V   R  
  Silphium laciniatum Compass plant n G,P V   V V
  Silphium perfoliatum Cupleaf rosinweed n A V V    
  Solidago altissima var. altissima             V
  Solidago canadensis var. hargeri Harger's Canada goldenrod n O,P V      
  Solidago candensis var. scabra Rough Canada goldenrod n O,P R R V  
  Solidago gigantea Giant goldenrod n P V V V  
  Solidago missouriensis Prairie goldenrod n G,P   R V V
  Solidago nemoralis Gray goldenrod n O,P V   V  
  Solidago petiolaris var. angusta Downy goldenrod n G     R  
  Solidago rigida Stiff goldenrod n G,P     V  
  Solidago ulmifolia var. ulmifolia Elmleaf goldenrod n F V   V  
  Sonchus asper Prickly sowthistle i A,O V     V
  Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides White heath aster           V
  Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England aster           V
  Symphyotrichum parviceps Smallhead aster           V
  Taraxacum erythrospermum Redseed dandelion i O     R  
  Taraxacum officinale Common dandelion i O V R V V
  Tragopogon dubius Goat's beard i O V R V  
  Tragopogon pratensis Meadow salsify i O     R  
  Verbesina alternifolia Wingstem crownbeard n A,F V V R  
  Vernonia arkansana Arkansas ironweed           V
  Vernonia baldwinii ssp. interior Inland ironweed n F,G,O,P V R V V
  Xanthium strumarium Cocklebur n A,O V   R  
                 
Balsaminaceae Impatiens capensis Spotted touch-me-not n A V V    
  Impatiens pallida Pale touch-me-not n A V      
                 
Berberidaceae Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple n F V   V  
                 
Betulaceae Corylus americana American hazelnut n F V   V  
  Ostrya virginiana Ironwood n F V   R  
                 
Bignoniaceae Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper i F,O V   R  
                 
Boraginaceae Cynoglossum officinale Common houndstongue i A,F V   R  
  Hackelia virginiana Virginia stickseed n F V V V  
  Heliotropium tenellum Pasture heliotrope           V
  Lappula squarrosa European stickseed n O     R  
  Lithospermum arvense Corn gromwell i O V   R V
  Lithospermum canescens Hoary gromwell n P V   R  
  Lithospermum incisum Narrowleaf gromwell n G,P R R V V
  Lithospermum latifolium American gromwell n F V      
  Myosotis verna Forget-me-not n P     V V
  Onosmodium molle Rough marbleseed n G,P     V  
                 
Brassicaceae Alliaria petiolata Garlic mustard i F V V R  
  Arabis canadensis Canada rockcress n F V   V  
  Arabis shortii Short's rockcress n F   V    
  Barbarea vulgaris Winter cress i A,O V R V V
  Brassica hirta White mustard i O     V  
  Brassica nigra Black mustard i O R      
  Camelina microcarpa Smallfruit false flax i O,P V   V  
  Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd's purse i O R   V V
  Cardamine concatenata Toothwort n F V   V  
  Cardamine parviflora var. arenicola Smallflower bittercress n F V V   V
  Descurainia pinnata ssp. brachycarpa Pinnate tansy mustard           V
  Descurainia pinnata var. osmiarum Tansy mustard n F V V V  
  Descurainia sophia Flixweed i O R   R  
  Draba brachycarpa Shortpod draba n P     V  
  Draba cuneifolia Wedgeleaf draba n P R     V
  Erysimum repandum Bushy wallflower i O R   V  
  Hesperis matronalis Dame's rocket i O     R  
  Iodanthus pinnatifidus Purple rocket n F   V    
  Lepidium densiflorum Manyflower peppergrass i P R   R  
  Lepidium virginicum var. virginicum Virginia peppergrass           V
  Nasturtium officinale Watercress i A   V    
  Rorippa sessiliflora Stalkless yellowcress n A V     V
  Sibara virginica Virginia rockcress           V
  Sisymbrium altissimum Tumbling mustard i O R      
  Sisymbrium officinale Hedge mustard           V
  Thlaspi arvense Field pennycress i O V R V V
  Thlaspi perfoliatum Perfoliate pennycress i O   V    
                 
Cactaceae Coryphantha missouriensis             V
  Opuntia humifusa Eastern pricklypear n O     R  
                 
Caesalpiniaceae Cercis canadensis Redbud n F V V V  
  Chamaecrista fasciculata Showy partridge pea n A,O,P V R V  
  Gleditsia triacanthos Honey locust n F V V R  
  Gymnocladus dioica Kentucky coffeetree n F V V R  
  Senna marilandica Maryland senna n G,O R V V  
                 
Campanulaceae Campanula americana American bellflower n A,F V   V  
  Lobelia inflata Indian tobacco n A,F V      
  Lobelia siphilitica Blue lobelia n A V R R  
  Lobelia spicata Palespike lobelia n P     R V
  Triodanis leptocarpa Slimpod Venus' looking-glass n P R   V  
  Triodanis perfoliata Clasping-leaf Venus' looking-glass n A,P V   V V
                 
Cannabaceae Cannabis sativa var. sativa Hemp i O R V R V
  Humulus lupulus var. pubescens Hairy hops n A,F V V V  
                 
Capparaceae Polanisia dodecandra var. trachysperma Clammyweed n P     R  
                 
Caprifoliaceae Lonicera dioica Limber honeysuckle n F V      
  Lonicera japonica Japanese honeysuckle i O V   V  
  Sambucus canadensis Common elderberry n A,F R R V V
  Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Buckbrush n F,G,P V R V V
  Triosteum perfoliatum var. aurantiacum Orange horsegentian n F     R  
  Triosteum perfoliatum var. perfoliatum Common horsegentian n F V R V  
  Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw n F     V  
  Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw           V
                 
Caryophyllaceae Arenaria serpyllifolia var. serpyllifolia Thymeleaf sandwort i A,O V     V
  Cerastium brachypodum Shortstalk cerastium           V
  Cerastium fontanum ssp. triviale Common chickweed n O V   V  
  Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare             V
  Cerastium pumilum             V
  Dianthus armeria Deptford pink i G,O,P   V R V
  Holosteum umbellatum Jagged chickweed           V
  Paronychia canadensis Canada nailwort n F V      
  Paronychia fastigiata Forked nailwort n F V      
  Saponaria officinalis Soapwort i O     V  
  Silene antirrhina Sleepy catchfly n G,O,P V R V  
  Silene stellata Starry campion n F V   V  
  Stellaria media Common chickweed i A,O V V R  
  Stellaria pallida Pale chickweed           V
                 
Celastraceae Celastrus scandens American bittersweet n F V R V V
  Euonymus atropurpureus Wahoo a F V V R  
                 
Ceratophyllaceae Ceratophyllum demersum Common hornwort           V
                 
Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album Lamb's-quarters i O R   R  
  Chenopodium ambrosioides Mexican tea i O V      
  Chenopodium berlandieri var. zschackei Pitseed goosefoot n O,P   R V  
  Chenopodium pallescens Pale goosefoot           V
  Chenopodium simplex Mapleleaf goosefoot n F V R R  
  Chenopodium standleyanum Standley's goosefoot n F V   R  
  Cycloloma atriplicifolium Winged pigweed n O     R  
                 
Cistaceae Lechea tenuifolia var. occidentalis Narrowleaf pinweed n P V      
                 
Clusiaceae Hypericum mutilum Dwarf St. John's-wort n F V      
  Hypericum perforatum Common St. John's-wort i G,O,P V   V V
  Hypericum punctatum Spotted St. John's-wort n G,O,P V R V  
  Hypericum sphaerocarpum Round-fruit St. John's-wort           V
                 
Commelinaceae Commelina communis Common dayflower i A,O V V V  
  Commelina virginica Virginia dayflower n F E      
  Tradescantia bracteata Bracted spiderwort n P R   R V
  Tradescantia ohiensis Ohio spiderwort n P V R V V
                 
Convolvulaceae Calystegia macounii Macoun's bindweed           V
  Calystegia sepium Hedge bindweed n O R      
  Convolvulus arvensis Field bindweed i O   R V  
  Ipomoea hederacea Ivyleaf morning-glory i O V R    
  Ipomoea lacunosa White morning-glory n O V   V  
  Ipomoea pandurata Bigroot morning-glory n P     V  
  Ipomoea purpurea Common morning-glory i O R      
                 
Cornaceae Cornus amomum ssp. obliqua Pale dogwood n F V   R V
  Cornus drummondii Roughleaf dogwood n F,G,O,P V R V  
                 
Crassulaceae Penthorum sedoides Ditch stonecrop n A V   V  
  Sedum pulchellum Showy stonecrop           V
                 
Cucurbitaceae Sicyos angulatus Bur cucumber n A,F   R V  
                 
Cupressaceae Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana Red cedar n F,G,O V R V V
                 
Cuscutaceae Cuscuta cephalanthi Buttonbush dodder n F V      
  Cuscuta glomerata Cluster dodder n G,P     V  
  Cuscuta pentagona var. pentagona             V
  Cuscuta polygonorum Smartweed dodder n O     V  
                 
Cyperaceae Bulbostylis capillaris Hairsedge bulbstyle n A R      
  Carex aggregata Cluster sedge           V
  Carex albicans var. albicans White-tinged sedge n F V      
  Carex amphibola var. turgida Narrowleaf sedge n F V R V  
  Carex annectens Yellowfruit sedge n A,P   V R  
  Carex austrina Southern sedge           V
  Carex bicknellii Bicknell's sedge n F     R V
  Carex blanda Woodland sedge n F V   R V
  Carex brachyglossa Yellow-fruit sedge           V
  Carex brevior Straw sedge n A,G,P R V V V
  Carex bushii Bush's sedge n P V   V V
  Carex cephalophora Woodbank sedge n F V      
  Carex conjuncta Soft fox sedge n A,F        
  Carex davisii Davis' sedge n F V R V  
  Carex emoryi Emory's sedge n A     R  
  Carex festucacea Fescue sedge           V
  Carex frankii Frank's sedge n A V   V V
  Carex granularis var. granularis Meadow sedge n A V      
  Carex gravida Heavy sedge           V
  Carex gravida var. lunelliana Lunell's heavy sedge n A,F,G,P V V V  
  Carex grisea Narrow-leaf sedge           V
  Carex hirsutella Hirsute sedge n F V      
  Carex hyalinolepis Thinscale sedge n A     R  
  Carex inops ssp. heliophila Sun sedge           V
  Carex jamesii James' sedge n F V      
  Carex lanuginosa Woolly sedge n A   V    
  Carex leavenworthii Leavenworth's sedge n F R     V
  Carex meadii Mead's sedge n P   R V V
  Carex mesochorea Savannah sedge           V
  Carex microdonta Littletooth sedge           V
  Carex molesta Disturbed sedge n A R     V
  Carex muhlenbergii var. australis Southern Muhlenberg's sedge n A V      
  Carex nuhlenbergii var. enervis Nerveless Muhlenberg's sedge n A V      
  Carex oligocarpa Few-fruit sedge n F V     V
  Carex pellita Woolly sedge           V
  Carex retroflexa Reflexed-fruit sedge n F V      
  Carex rosea Rosy sedge n F V      
  Carex sparganioides Bur-reed sedge n F V      
  Carex umbellata Umbellate sedge n P V      
  Carex vulpinoidea Fox sedge n A       V
  Cyperus acuminatus Tapeleaf flatsedge n A,O R   V  
  Cyperus echinatus Globe flatsedge           V
  Cyperus erythrorhizos Redroot flatsedge n A     V  
  Cyperus esculentus Yellow nutsedge n O R      
  Cyperus lupulinus ssp. lupulinus Slenderstem flatsedge n G,O,P   R V V
  Cyperus odoratus Slender flatsedge n A     V V
  Cyperus pseudovegetus Falsegreen flatsedge           V
  Cyperus squarrosus Awned flatsedge           V
  Cyperus strigosus False nutsedge n A   V V  
  Eleocharis compressa var. compressa Flat-stem spike-rush           V
  Eleocharis macrostachya Longstem spikesedge n A   R V V
  Eleocharis obtusa Blunt spikesedge n A R   V  
  Eleocharis palustris Marsh spike-rush           V
  Eleocharis tenuis var. verrucosa             V
  Eleocharis wolfii Wolf's spikesedge           V
  Eleocharis xyridiformis Irisleaf spikesedge n A     V  
  Fimbristylis puberula var. puberula Marsh fimbry n P     V V
  Scirpus atrovirens Green bulrush n A V V V  
  Scirpus pendulus Drooping bulrush n A,P V   V V
  Scirpus validus Softstem bulrush n A     V  
  Scleria triglomerata Whip razorsedge n G,P     V V
                 
Dipsacaceae Dipsacus fullonum Fuller's teasel           V
                 
Ebenaceae Diospyros virginiana Persimmon n F R   R V
                 
Equisetaceae Equisetum hyemale Common scouring rush n A,F V      
  Equisetum x ferrissii Intermediate scouring rush n A   V    
                 
Euphorbiaceae Acalypha gracilens ssp. monococca Slender copperleaf n A V     V
  Acalypha ostryaefolia Hophornbeam copperleaf n O   V    
  Acalypha rhomboidea Rhombic copperleaf n O V V V  
  Acalypha virginica Virginia copperleaf n G,O,P V R V V
  Chamaesyce missurica Missouri spurge           V
  Chamaesyce prostrata Prostrate spurge           V
  Croton capitatus var. capitatus Woolly croton n G,O,P V R V V
  Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis Tropic croton n O   R   V
  Croton monanthogynus Oneseed croton n O,P V R V V
  Euphorbia corollata Flowering spurge n G,P R R V V
  Euphorbia cyathophora Painted spurge n O V R V  
  Euphorbia dentata Toothed spurge n G,O V R V  
  Euphorbia maculata Spotted spurge n O,P V R V  
  Euphorbia marginata Snow-on-the-mountain n O,P R R V  
  Euphorbia missurica Missouri spurge n O   R    
  Euphorbia nutans Nodding spurge n G,O V R V  
  Euphorbia prostrata Prostrate spurge i O V      
  Euphorbia serpens Roundleaf spurge n O V   R  
  Euphorbia spathulata Warty spurge           V
  Tragia betonicifolia Nettleleaf noseburn n P   R V V
                 
Fabaceae Amorpha canescens Leadplant n P R R V V
  Amorpha fruticosa False indigo n A   R   V
  Amphicarpaea bracteata Southern hogpeanut n F V   V  
  Apios americana American potatobean n A,F R   V  
  Astragalus canadensis Canada milkvetch n F R      
  Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus Groundplum milkvetch n P   V   V
  Astragalus distortus var. distortus             V
  Baptisia australis var. minor Blue wild-indigo           V
  Baptisia bracteata var. glabrescens Plains wildindigo n P R R V  
  Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea Plains wild-indigo           V
  Baptisia lactea White wildindigo n G,P   R V  
  Cercis canadensis var. canadensis Redbud           V
  Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata Showy partridge-pea           V
  Crotalaria sagittalis Rattlebox n P R   V V
  Dalea candida var. candida White prairieclover n P     V V
  Dalea purpurea var. purpurea Purple prairieclover n P V   V V
  Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois bundleflower           V
  Desmodium cuspidatum Longleaf tickclover n F V      
  Desmodium glutinosum Largeflower tickclover n F V   V  
  Desmodium illinoense Illinois tickclover n G,P   R V  
  Desmodium paniculatum var. paniculatum Panicled tickclover n F,O V R V  
` Desmodium sessilifolium Sessileleaf tickclover n P R R V V
  Gleditsia triacanthos Honey locust           V
  Lathyrus pusillus Singletary vetchling i O     V  
  Lespedeza X acuticarpa             V
  Lespedeza capitata Roundhead lespedeza n P     V V
  Lespedeza X manniana             V
  Lespedeza stipulacea Korean lespedeza i G,O V R V  
  Lespedeza striata Japanese lespedeza i O     R  
  Lespedeza violacea Prairie lespedeza n F,P V R V V
  Lespedeza virginica Slenderbush lespedeza n P V     V
  Lotus unifoliolatus var. unifoliolatus             V
  Medicago lupulina Black medic i O V   R V
  Medicago sativa ssp. sativa Alfalfa i G,O V     V
  Melilotus alba White sweetclover i G,O V R V V
  Melilotus officinalis Yellow sweetclover i G,O V   V V
  Mimosa quadrivalvis var. nuttallii Cat-claw mimosa           V
  Pediomelum esculentum Tall breadroot scurfpea n P   R V V
  Psoralidium tenuiflorum Manyflower scurfpea n P V   V V
  Robinia pseudo-acacia Black locust i F,O V   R V
  Senna marilandica Maryland senna           V
  Strophostyles leiosperma Slickseed bean n P   R R  
  Trifolium campestre Low hopclover i O     V V
  Trifolium hybridum Alsike clover i O     V  
  Trifolium pratense Red clover i G,O V   V V
  Trifolium repens White clover i O V V V V
  Vicia villosa Hairy vetch i O   R V  
                 
Fagaceae Quercus alba White oak n F V      
  Quercus borealis var. maxima Red oak n F V R V  
  Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak n F V   V  
  Quercus marilandica Blackjack oak n F V V    
  Quercus muehlenbergii Chinquapin oak n F V R V V
  Quercus prinoides Dwarf chinquapin oak n F V   R V
  Quercus shumardii Shumard's oak n F R      
  Quercus stellata Post oak n F V V    
  Quercus velutina Black oak n F V R V  
                 
Fumariaceae Corydalis flavula Yellow corydalis n F V   V  
  Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's breeches n F V   V  
                 
Gentianaceae Gentiana flavida White gentian n P V      
  Gentiana puberulenta Downy gentian n P   R V V
                 
Geraniaceae Geranium carolinianum Carolina cranesbill n G,O,P R R V V
                 
Grossulariaceae Ribes missouriense Missouri gooseberry n F,O V R V V
                 
Haloragaceae Myriophyllum heterophyllum Water milfoil           V
                 
Hippocastanaceae Aesculus glabra var. arguta Western buckeye n F V   R  
                 
Hydrocharitaceae Najas guadalupensis ssp. guadalupensis Common naiad           V
                 
Hydrophyllaceae Ellisia nyctelea Waterpod n A,F V V    
  Hydrophyllum virginianum Virginia waterleaf n F V      
                 
Iridaceae Iris x germanica Blue flag iris i O     V  
  Sisyrinchium campestre White-eyed grass n P V   V V
                 
Juglandaceae Carya cordiformis Bitternut hickory n F V V    
  Carya laciniosa Kingnut hickory n F V   V  
  Carya ovata Shagbark hickory n F V R V  
  Carya tomentosa Mockernut hickory n F R      
  Juglans nigra Black walnut n F V V V V
                 
Juncaceae Juncus interior Inland rush n A,G V   V V
  Juncus marginatus Shore rush n A V     V
  Juncus nodatus Stout rush           V
  Juncus tenuis Path rush n A,O V     V
  Juncus torreyi Torrey's rush n A V   V  
                 
Lamiaceae Agastache nepetoides Catnip gianthyssop n F V R V V
  Hedeoma hispidum Rough false pennyroyal n G,O,P     V  
  Hedeoma pulegioides American false pennyroyal n P V      
  Lamium amplexicaule Henbit i O R R V V
  Lamium purpureum Deadnettle i O V      
  Leonurus marrubiastrum Hoarhound motherwort i O V      
  Lycopus americanus American bugleweed n A R   V  
  Lycopus virginicus Virginia bugleweed n A   R    
  Marrubium vulgare Common horehound           V
  Monarda citriodora ssp. citriodora var. citriodora Lemon beebalm           V
  Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa Wild beebalm n F V R V  
  Nepeta cataria Catnip i O R   V  
  Physostegia angustifolia False dragonhead           V
  Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata Self-heal n F V V V V
  Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Slender mountainmint n P V R V V
  Salvia azurea Pitcher's sage n P   R V  
  Salvia azurea var. grandiflora Blue sage           V
  Salvia reflexa Lanceleaf sage n P     R  
  Scutellaria parvula var. australis Southern small skullcap n P V      
  Scutellaria parvula var. leonardii Leonard's small skullcap n P     V  
  Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis Small skullcap           V
  Stachys tenuifolia Slenderleaf betony n A,F V      
  Teucrium canadense var. canadense Canada germander n G,O V R V  
  Trichostema brachiatum False pennyroyal           V
                 
Lemnaceae Lemna minor Common duckweed n A     V  
  Spirodela polyrrhiza Giant duckweed n A     V  
                 
Liliaceae Allium canadense var. canadense Common Canada onion n O,P V   V V
  Allium canadense var. lavendulare Lavender Canada onion n P V R R V
  Allium vineale Wild garlic i G,O V   V  
  Asparagus officinalis Asparagus i O V R V V
  Camassia angusta Wild hyacinth           V
  Camassia scilloides Eastern camass n P R      
  Erythronium albidum White fawnlily n F V   V  
  Erythronium mesochoreum Prairie fawnlily n F,P V V V V
  Hemerocallis fulva Daylily i F V   V  
  Hypoxis hirsuta Yellow stargrass n P   R V V
  Lilium canadense ssp. michiganense Michigan lily n F R   V  
  Melanthium virginicum Virginia bunchflower n P R      
  Nothoscordum bivalve False garlic           V
  Polygonatum biflorum Solomon's seal n F V   V V
                 
Linaceae Linum sulcatum var. sulcatum Grooved flax n G,P     V V
                 
Loasaceae Mentzelia oligosperma Stickleaf mentzelia n O     R  
                 
Lythraceae Ammannia coccinea Purple toothcup n A     V V
  Cuphea viscosissima Blue waxweed n A,F R   V  
  Lythrum alatum var. alatum Winged loosestrife n A R V V V
  Lythrum salicaria Purple loosestrife i A     V  
                 
Malvaceae Abutilon theophrasti Velvetleaf i O R V V V
  Callirhoe alcaeoides Pale poppy mallow           V
  Hibiscus trionum Flower-of-an-hour i O V R V V
  Malva neglecta Common mallow i O R     V
  Malva rotundifolia Roundleaf mallow i O R      
  Malvastrum hispidum Hairy false mallow           V
  Sida spinosa Prickly sida i O V   V V
                 
Menispermaceae Menispermum canadense Moonseed n F V R V  
                 
Mimosaceae Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois bundleflower n O,P V R V  
  Schrankia nuttallii Catclaw sensitive briar n P R R    
                 
Molluginaceae Mollugo verticillata Carpetweed i O R V V V
                 
Monotropaceae Monotropa hypopithys Pinesap n F V      
  Monotropa uniflora Indian pipe n F V      
                 
Moraceae Maclura pomifera Osage orange i F,O V V R V
  Morus alba White mulberry i F,O V R V V
  Morus rubra Red mulberry n F V R R  
                 
Najadaceae Najas guadalupensis Southern naiad n A     V  
                 
Nyctaginaceae Mirabilis albida White four-o'clock n P   R V V
  Mirabilis nyctaginea Wild four-o'clock n G,O R   V  
                 
Nymphaeaceae Nymphaea odorata ssp. odorata             V
                 
Oleaceae Forsythia suspensa Forsythia i O     R  
  Fraxinus americana White ash n F V R V  
  Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash n F R V V  
  Ligustrum sinense Chinese privet i O V      
  Syringa vulgaris Lilac i O     R  
                 
Onagraceae Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis Enchanter's nightshade n F V   V  
  Epilobium coloratum Narrowleaf willowherb n A   V    
  Gaura longiflora Largeflower gaura n G,O,P R   V V
  Gaura mollis Velvet butterfly-weed           V
  Gaura parviflora Velvety gaura n O V   R  
  Ludwigia palustris Marsh seedbox n A     R  
  Oenothera biennis Common eveningprimrose n O V   R  
  Oenothera macrocarpa var. macrocarpa Missouri evening-primrose           V
  Oenothera speciosa Showy white eveningprimrose n O R   V V
  Oenothera villosa ssp. villosa Hairy eveningprimrose n P     V V
  Stenosiphon linifolius Stenosiphon n P     R  
                 
Ophioglossaceae Botrychium dissectum Cutleaf grapefern n F V   V  
  Botrychium virginianum Rattlesnake fern n F V R V  
  Ophioglossum engelmannii Limestone adder's-tongue n P     V V
                 
Orchidaceae Corallorhiza odontorhiza Late coralroot n F V      
  Corallorhiza wisteriana Wister's coralroot n F V      
  Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens Yellow lady slipper n F V   V  
  Galearis spectabilis Showy orchid n F V      
  Malaxis unifolia Green adder's mouth n F V      
  Platanthera praeclara Western prairie fringed orchid n P     V  
  Spiranthes cernua Nodding ladies'-tresses n G,O,P     R  
  Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis Slender ladies'-tresses           V
  Spiranthes ovalis Oval ladies'-tresses n F V      
  Spiranthes tuberosa Little ladies'-tresses n F V      
  Spiranthes vernalis Upland ladies'-tresses           V
  Triphora trianthophora Nodding pogonia n F V      
                 
Oxalidaceae Oxalis dillenii ssp. dillenii Green wood sorrel n G,O,P V R V V
  Oxalis stricta Common wood sorrel n O V R V  
  Oxalis violacea Violet wood sorrel n F,P V R V V
                 
Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca americana var. americana Pokeweed n O V V V V
                 
Pinaceae Pinus sylvestris Scotch pine i O     R  
                 
Plantaginaceae Plantago aristata Bottlebrush plantain n O,P V   V V
  Plantago lanceolata Buckhorn plantain i O V   R V
  Plantago major Common plantain i O     R  
  Plantago patagonica Patagonian plantain n O,P R   V  
  Plantago rhodosperma Redseed plantain n P R      
  Plantago rugelii Rugel's plantain n F,O V   V  
  Plantago virginica Paleseed plantain n O,P V   V V
                 
Platanaceae Platanus occidentalis Sycamore n F V V R V
                 
Poaceae Aegilops cylindrica Jointed goatgrass i O R     V
  Agrostis gigantea Redtop           V
  Agrostis hyemalis Ticklegrass n P V   V V
  Agrostis perennans Autumn bentgrass n F,O R      
  Agrostis stolonifera Redtop i A,O V V V  
  Alopecurus carolinianus Carolina foxtail n O     V  
  Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem n G,P R R V  
  Andropogon scoparius Little bluestem n G,P R R V  
  Andropogon ternarius Splitbeard bluestem n O     R  
  Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge bluestem n G,O     R  
  Aristida adscensionis Six-weeks threeawn           V
  Aristida basiramea Forktip threeawn n P     V  
  Aristida dichotoma var. curtissii             V
  Aristida dichotoma var. dichotoma             V
  Aristida oligantha Prairie threeawn n O,P R   V V
  Aristida purpurascens var. purpurascens Arrow feather threeawn           V
  Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana Silver bluestem           V
  Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula Sideoats grama n P R R V V
  Bouteloua hirsuta Hairy grama n P   R    
  Bromus inermis ssp. inermis Smooth brome i G,O V R V  
  Bromus japonicus Japanese brome i G,O V R V  
  Bromus latiglumis Earleaf brome n O        
  Bromus pubescens Canada brome n F V   R  
  Bromus tectorum Downy brome i O R     V
  Cenchrus longispinus Longspine sandbur n O V      
  Chasmanthium latifolium Wild oats n F V      
  Chloris verticillata Windmillgrass n O R     V
  Cinna arundinacea Stout woodreed n F V      
  Dactylis glomerata Orchardgrass i F,G,O V R V  
  Danthonia spicata Poverty oatgrass n F V      
  Diarrhena americana var. obovata American beakgrass n F V   V  
  Dichanthelium acuminatum ssp. fasciculatum             V
  Dichanthelium acuminatum var. implicatum Pointed dichanthelium n F,G,P V R V  
  Dichanthelium clandestinum Deertongue dichanthelium n G,P   V R  
  Dichanthelium latifolium Wideleaf dichanthelium n F V   R  
  Dichanthelium leibergii Leiberg's dichanthelium           V
  Dichanthelium linearifolium Slimleaf dichanthelium n P V      
  Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. scribnerianum Scribner's dichanthelium n G,P R R V V
  Dichanthelium perlongum Long-spike dichanthelium           V
  Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon Roundseed dichanthelium n A,P R     V
  Digitaria ciliaris Southern crabgrass           V
  Digitaria cognata Fall witch grass           V
  Digitaria filiformis Slender crabgrass n O R      
  Digitaria ischaemum Smooth crabgrass i O V   R  
  Digitaria sanguinalis Hairy crabgrass i O V   V  
  Echinochloa colonum Jungle-rice i O     V  
  Echinochloa crusgalli Common barnyardgrass i A,O V   R  
  Echinochloa muricata var. muricata Prickly barnyardgrass n A,O   V V V
  Eleusine indica Goosegrass i O V     V
  Elymus canadensis Canada wildrye n F,G,P R   V V
  Elymus villosus Hairy wildrye n F V      
  Elymus virginicus var. virginicus Virginia wildrye n F,P V   V V
  Eragrostis capillaris Lacegrass n O R   R V
  Eragrostis cilianensis Stinkgrass i O R   V V
  Eragrostis pectinacea Carolina lovegrass n O V      
  Eragrostis spectabilis Purple lovegrass n O,P R V V V
  Eriochloa contracta Prairie cupgrass n O V   V V
  Festuca arundinacea Tall fescue i G     V  
  Festuca obtusa Nodding fescue n F V R V  
  Festuca octoflora Sixweeks fescue n O,P V      
  Festuca ovina Sheep's fescue i O R      
  Festuca paradoxa Cluster fescue n F V      
  Festuca pratensis Meadow fescue i O V      
  Glyceria striata Fowl mannagrass n A V V    
  Hordeum jubatum Foxtail barley n A,O R   V V
  Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum Foxtail barley           V
  Hordeum pusillum Little barley n O R   V V
  Hystrix patula Bottlebrushgrass n F V   R  
  Koeleria macrantha Prairie June grass           V
  Koeleria pyramidata Junegrass n P     V  
  Leersia oryzoides Rice cutgrass n A     R  
  Leersia virginica Whitegrass n A V   V  
  Leptochloa fascicularis Bearded sprangletop n A     V  
  Leptochloa filiformis Red sprangletop n O V      
  Leptoloma cognatum Fall witchgrass n G     R  
  Lolium perenne Ryegrass i O R      
  Melica nitens Threeflower melic n F V      
  Muhlenbergia frondosa Wirestem muhly n F,P V R V  
  Muhlenbergia racemosa Marsh muhly n A,G,P R   V  
  Muhlenbergia schreberi Schreber's muhly n F R V R  
  Muhlenbergia sobolifera Rock muhly n F V R V  
  Muhlenbergia sylvatica Forest muhly n F V   R  
  Panicum capillare Common witchgrass n G,O R R V  
  Panicum dichotomiflorum Fall panicum n G,O V   V  
  Panicum flexile Wiry witchgrass           V
  Panicum virgatum Switchgrass n G,P   R V  
  Pascopyrum smithii Western wheatgrass           V
  Paspalum laeve Smooth paspalum n G     V  
  Paspalum pubiflorum Hairyflower paspalum n A,O     R  
  Paspalum setaceum Sand paspalum n G,O R   R  
  Phalaris arundinacea Reed canarygrass n A   V V  
  Phalaris caroliniana Carolina canarygrass           V
  Phleum pratense ssp. pratense Timothy i G,O V   V V
  Poa compressa Canada bluegrass i G,O,P V   V V
  Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass i G,O,P V R V V
  Poa sylvestris Woodland bluegrass n F     V  
  Schedonnardus paniculatus Tumblegrass n O     V V
  Schedonorus pratensis Meadow rye grass           V
  Secale cereale Rye i O     R  
  Setaria faberi Chinese foxtail i A,O V R V V
  Setaria glauca Yellow foxtail i A,O V   V  
  Setaria parviflora Knotroot bristlegrass n G,P     V V
  Setaria viridis Green foxtail i O V R V  
  Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass n P     V  
  Sorghum halepense Johnsongrass i O V R V  
  Spartina pectinata Prairie cordgrass n A   V R V
  Sphenopholis obtusata var. major Slender wedgegrass n A,P V R V  
  Sphenopholis obtusata var. obtusata Wedgescale           V
  Sporobolus asper Rough dropseed n G,O,P R R V  
  Sporobolus compositus var. drummondii Rough dropseed           V
  Sporobolus cryptandrus Sand dropseed n G   R   V
  Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie dropseed n P     V V
  Sporobolus neglectus Puffsheath dropseed n O R      
  Sporobolus vaginiflorus Poverty dropseed n O     V V
  Stipa spartea Porcupinegrass n P     V  
  Tridens flavus var. flavus Purpletop n G,O,P V R V V
  Tridens muticus var. elongatus             V
  Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides Eastern gammagrass n O,P R R V V
                 
Polemoniaceae Phlox divaricata ssp. laphamii Sweetwilliam phlox n F V V R  
  Phlox pilosa Prairie phlox n P     V  
                 
Polygalaceae Polygala incarnata Slender milkwort           V
  Polygala sanguinea Blood milkwort           V
  Polygala verticillata Whorled milkwort n G,P V   V  
                 
Polygonaceae Fallopia convolvulus Black bindweed           V
  Persicaria maculosa Spotted lady's-thumb           V
  Polygonum amphibium Water smartweed n A R R    
  Polygonum arenastrum Prostrate knotweed i O V   R  
  Polygonum aviculare ssp. aviculare             V
  Polygonum convolvulus Wild buckwheat i O     V  
  Polygonum hydropiper Waterpepper smartweed n A     V  
  Polygonum hydropiperoides Mild waterpepper smartweed n A   R V  
  Polygonum lapathifolium Pale smartweed n A   R V  
  Polygonum pensylvanicum Pennsylvania smartweed n A V   V  
  Polygonum persicaria Lady's-thumb smartweed i A,O V      
  Polygonum punctatum Dotted smartweed n A V   R  
  Polygonum ramosissimum ssp. ramosissimum Bush knotweed n A   R V V
  Polygonum scandens Climbing false buckwheat n F,O R R R  
  Polygonum scandens var. dumetorum Climbing false buckwheat i F,O V      
  Polygonum tenue Slender knotweed           V
  Polygonum virginianum Virginia knotweed n F V V V  
  Rumex altissimus Pale dock n A,G V R V V
  Rumex crispus Curly dock i G,O R R V V
                 
Polypodiaceae Adiantum pedatum Maidenhair fern n F V      
  Asplenium platyneuron Ebony spleenwort n F V   V  
  Cystopteris protrusa Lowland fragile fern n F V   V  
  Cystopteris tennesseensis Tennessee bladder fern n F R      
  Woodsia obtusa Bluntlobe woodsia n F V      
                 
Pontederiaceae Heteranthera limosa Blue mudplantain n A     V  
  Heteranthera rotundifolia Roundleaf mudplantain n A     V  
                 
Portulacaceae Claytonia virginica Virginia springbeauty n F V     V
  Phemeranthus parviflorus Prairie fameflower           V
  Portulaca oleracea Common purslane i O     V  
  Portulaca pilosa Hairy purslane           V
                 
Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton diversifolius Waterthread pondweed n A     V  
  Potamogeton foliosus Leafy pondweed n A     V  
  Potamogeton nodosus Longleaf pondweed n A     V V
  Potamogeton pusillus ssp. pusillus Baby pondweed n A     V V
                 
Primulaceae Anagallis arvensis Scarlet pimpernel i O     V  
  Androsace occidentalis Western rockjasmine n O     R V
  Lysimachia nummularia Moneywort n A V      
                 
                 
Ranunculaceae Anemone canadensis Meadow anemone n A     R  
  Anemone caroliniana Carolina anemone           V
  Anemone virginiana Tall anemone n F V   V  
  Anemonella thalictroides Rue anemone n F V      
  Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens Prairie larkspur n P R R V V
  Delphinium tricorne Dwarf larkspur n F V   V  
  Isopyrum biternatum False rue anemone n F V R R  
  Myosurus minimus Mousetail n O R      
  Ranunculus abortivus Littleleaf buttercup n F V V V V
  Ranunculus hispidus var. hispidus Bristly buttercup n F R      
  Ranunculus recurvatus Hooked buttercup n F V      
  Ranunculus sceleratus Cursed crowfoot n A     V  
  Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple meadowrue n F V   V  
                 
Rhamnaceae Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea           V
  Ceanothus americanus var. pitcheri New Jersey tea n P R      
  Ceanothus herbaceous Inland ceanothus           V
  Ceanothus herbaceous var. pubescens Inland ceanothus n P R   V  
  Rhamnus lanceolata var. glabrata Lanceleaf buckthorn n F R   V  
                 
Rosaceae Agrimonia parviflora Smallflower agrimony n F V V V  
  Agrimonia pubescens Downy agrimony n F V   R  
  Agrimonia rostellata Woodland agrimony n F F      
  Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur hawthorn n F,O R   R  
  Crataegus mollis Downy hawthorn n F,O R V V V
  Fragaria virginiana ssp. virginiana Wild strawberry n G,O,P V   V V
  Geum canadense White avens n F,O V R V V
  Geum vernum Heartleaf avens n F V   R  
  Potentilla norvegica Norwegian cinquefoil n P     R  
  Potentilla recta Sulphur cinquefoil i G,O,P V   V V
  Potentilla rivalis Brook cinquefoil n A     V  
  Potentilla simplex Old-field cinquefoil n F V   V V
  Prunus americana American plum n F,G   V R V
  Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw plum n F     R  
  Prunus hortulana Hortulan plum n F     R  
  Prunus mexicana Mexican plum n F,G   R V V
  Prunus munsoniana Wild-goose plum           V
  Prunus persica Peach i F,O V   R V
  Prunus serotina Black cherry n F V R V V
  Prunus virginiana Choke cherry n F R      
  Pyrus communis Pear i O     V  
  Pyrus ioensis Iowa crab n F R V V  
  Pyrus malus Apple i O        
  Rosa arkansana Arkansas rose n G,P   R V V
  Rosa multiflora Multiflora rose i G,O   R V V
  Rosa setigera Climbing rose n F,G,O V V V V
  Rubus aboriginum One-flower dewberry           V
  Rubus allegheniensis Common blackberry n F,O V      
  Rubus flagellaris Northern dewberry n F,P V R V  
  Rubus frondosus Leafy highbush blackberry           V
  Rubus laudatus Praiseworth blackberry           V
  Rubus occidentalis Black raspberry n F V V R  
  Rubus ostryifolius Highbush blackberry n F,G,O V   V  
  Rubus pensilvanicus Pennsylvania blackberry n F,O V      
  Spirea prunifolia Bridal-wreath i O     R  
                 
Rubiaceae Diodia teres Rough buttonweed           V
  Galium aparine Catchweed bedstraw n F,G,O V R V V
  Galium circaezans Woods bedstraw n F V   V  
  Galium concinnum Shining bedstraw n F V      
  Galium obtusum Bluntleaf bedstraw n F R V V  
  Galium pedemontanum Foothill bedstraw           V
  Hedyotis crassifolia Small bluets n G,P     V  
  Houstonia pusilla Small bluets           V
                 
Rutaceae Zanthoxylum americanum Prickly ash n F,O V R V  
                 
Salicaceae Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera Plains cottonwood n A,F R R V V
  Salix amygdaloides Peachleaf willow n A,F R   V  
  Salix caroliniana Carolina willow           V
  Salix eriocephala Diamond willow n A     R  
  Salix exigua Sandbar willow n A     R  
  Salix humilis Dwarf prairie willow n P     V  
  Salix nigra Black willow n A,F R V   V
                 
Santalaceae Comandra umbellata ssp. pallida Pale bastard toadflax n P R      
  Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata Bastard toadflax n P V   V  
                 
Sapotaceae Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. oblongifolium             V
                 
Saxifragaceae Heuchera richardsonii Alumroot n F R      
                 
Scrophulariaceae Agalinis aspera Rough agalinis           V
  Agalinis tenuifolia Slender agalinis n P R     V
  Buchnera americana Blue hearts           V
  Dasistoma macrophylla Mullein foxglove n F,P V R V  
  Leucospora multifida Paleseed n A V   V  
  Lindernia dubia Yellow falsepimpernel n A     V  
  Mimulus alatus Sharpwing monkeyflower n A V R R  
  Penstemon cobaea var. cobaea Cobaea beardtongue n P     R V
  Penstemon digitalis Smooth beardtongue n O V     V
  Penstemon tubaeflorus Tube beardtongue n O,P R   V V
  Scrophularia marilandica Maryland figwort n F V R V  
  Tomanthera auriculata Earleaf foxglove n P     V  
  Verbascum blattaria Moth mullein i G,O V R V V
  Verbascum thapsus Woolly mullein i O V V V  
  Veronica agrestis Wayside speedwell i A V   V  
  Veronica arvensis Corn speedwell i A,O V   V V
  Veronica peregrina var. peregrina Smooth purslane speedwell n A,O V   V V
  Veronica peregrina var. xalapensis Glandular purslane speedwell n A,O V      
  Veronica polita Wayside speedwell           V
  Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's root n P   R V  
                 
Simaroubaceae Ailanthus altissima Tree-of-heaven i F   V R  
                 
Smilaceae Smilax herbacea Carrionflower greenbriar n F V   V  
  Smilax hispida Bristly greenbriar n F V V R  
                 
Solanaceae Datura stramonium Jimson weed n O     R  
  Lycium barbatum Matrimony vine i O     V  
  Physalis heterophylla Clammy groundcherry n O,P V   R  
  Physalis longifolia var. longifolia Spearleaf groundcherry n O V   V V
  Physalis pubescens Downy groundcherry n O     R  
  Physalis pumila Hairy groundcherry n P   R V V
  Physalis virginiana Virginia groundcherry n O   R R V
  Solanum carolinense Carolina horsenettle n G,O,P V R V V
  Solanum elaeagnifolium Silverleaf nightshade n O R      
  Solanum interius Plains black nightshade n O V R    
  Solanum ptycanthum Black nightshade n O     R  
  Solanum rostratum Buffalo bur nightshade n O R V R  
                 
Staphyleaceae Staphylea trifolia American bladdernut n F V   V  
                 
Tiliaceae Tilia americana American basswood n F V   V  
                 
Typhaceae Typha angustifolia Narrowleaf cat-tail n A     V  
  Typha domingensis Southern cattail           V
  Typha latifolia Common cat-tail n A     V V
                 
Ulmaceae Celtis laevigata Sugarberry n F R      
  Celtis occidentalis Common hackberry n F V V V V
  Ulmus americana American elm n F V R V V
  Ulmus pumila Siberian elm i F,O V   R  
  Ulmus rubra Slippery elm n F V R V  
                 
Urticaceae Boehmeria cylindrica Bog hemp n A R   V V
  Laportea canadensis Wood nettle n A,F V V R  
  Parietaria pensylvanica Pennsylvania pellitory n F V   R V
  Pilea pumila Clearweed n A,F V      
  Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis Stinging nettle n A,F V V R  
                 
Valerianaceae Valerianella radiata Corn salad           V
                 
Verbenaceae Glandularia canadensis Rose vervain           V
  Lippia lanceolata Lanceleaf frogfruit n A   R V  
  Phryma leptostachya Lopseed n F V   V  
  Phyla lanceolata Lanceleaf frogfruit           V
  Verbena bracteata Prostrate verbena n O V      
  Verbena canadensis Rose verbena n O,P V   V  
  Verbena hastata Blue verbena n A V V V  
  Verbena simplex Narrowleaf verbena           V
  Verbena stricta Woolly verbena n O R R R  
  Verbena urticifolia Nettleleaf verbena n F,G V R V  
                 
Violaceae Viola bicolor Johnny-jump-up           V
  Viola pedata Bird's-foot violet n F,P V      
  Viola pedatifida Prairie violet n P   R V  
  Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida Prairie violet           V
  Viola pratincola Meadow violet n F V V R  
  Viola pubescens Downy yellow violet n F V   V  
  Viola rafinesquii Johnny-jump-up n F,O V V R  
  Viola sororia var. sororia Downy blue violet n F V R V V
                 
Vitaceae Ampelopsis cordata Raccoon grape n F V R V  
  Parthenocissus inserta Woodbine n F R      
  Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper n F V R V  
  Vitis aestivalis Pigeon grape n F   V    
  Vitis cinerea Graybark grape n F V R    
  Vitis riparia Riverbank grape n F V R V  
  Vitis vulpina Winter grape n F V   R