University of Kansas Field Station

Mammals

Thirty-nine species of mammals have been confirmed from the University of Kansas Field Station since 1948.  A hypothetical list of species that may have occurred, or may still occur, on Field Station areas has 14 additional species including 5 that were extirpated in Kansas in the late 19th century (Black Bear, Gray Wolf, Mountain Lion, Bison, and Wapiti), six wide-ranging bats (Big Brown Bat, Evening Bat Hoary Bat, Silver-haired Bat, Brazilian Free-tailed Bat and Eastern Pipistrelle), two semi-aquatic species known to live in the general area (Mink and Otter) and one species typical of shortgrass plains that also has been found nearby (Black-tailed Jackrabbit).  Humans, as well as their domesticated (and feral) livestock and pets (especially dogs and cats), have not been included in this list even though their activity can have significant impacts.

Several types of small live-traps have been used for mammal sampling at the Field Station, with hundreds of thousands of "trap nights" accumulated since 1948 (one trap set for one night = one trap night).  Relatively little sampling has been done with bat nets.  Information on mammal species larger than rabbit size is based mainly on sight records, tracks and other sign.

This checklist is intended to provide the reader with an overview of the mammal community of the Field Station.  General information on ecology and abundance of species occurring on the Field Station, and the region, can be found at Mammals of Kansas.  Likewise, broader information on mammal abundance and natural communities in the region can be obtained by contacting the Kansas Biological Survey. Detailed information on the local ecology of many of these species can be found in scores of scientific publications reporting research at the Field Station.  Specific questions as to abundance and ecology of mammals at the Field Station and current emphasis of ecological research can be obtained by contacting the Field Station administrative office.  A small synoptic collection of small mammals is maintained at the Field Station field laboratory and extensive research collections of mammals are housed at the Natural History Museum on the main campus of the University of Kansas.

The following list is presented in phylogenetic sequence, and scientific and common names follow Jones et al. (1986), Revised Checklist of North American Mammals North of Mexico.  A generalized key to abundance of each species on the KU Field Station provides coarse information on occurrence.  Codes for abundance are as follows: a=abundant; m=moderately abundant; r=rare; x=extremely rare, only a few records; h=historical records but now extremely rare; t=transitory; and i=introduced species with no extant population.  Acknowledgements to Henry S. Fitch and Norman A. Slade for revising and updating this information.

Checklist of Field Station Mammals

Marsupialia (Marsupials)    
Didelphidae     
Didelphis virginiana Virginia Opossum 
Insectivora (Insectivores)    
Soricidae    
Blarina hylophaga Elliot's Short-tailed Shrew 
Cryptotis parva Least Shrew 
    Talpidae 
   
Scalopus aquaticus Eastern Mole 
Chiroptera (Bats)    
    Vespertilionidae 
   
Myotis lucifugus Little Brown Myotis 
Lasiurus borealis Red Bat 
Lagomorpha (Lagomorphs)    
    Leporidae 
   
Sylvilagus floridanus Eastern Cottontail 
Rodentia (Rodents)    
    Sciuridae 
   
Tamias striatus Eastern Chipmunk 
Marmota monax Woodchuck 
Spermophilus franklinii Franklin's Ground Squirrel 
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel 
Sciurus carolinensis Gray Squirrel 
Sciurus niger Fox Squirrel 
Glaucomys volans Southern Flying Squirrel 
    Geomyidae 
   
Geomys bursarius Plains Pocket Gopher 
    Castoridae 
   
Castor canadensis Beaver 
    Cricetidae 
   
Reithrodontomys megalotis Western Harvest Mouse 
Reithrodontomys montanus Plains Harvest Mouse 
Peromyscus leucopus White-footed Mouse 
Peromyscus maniculatus Deer Mouse 
Sigmodon hispidus Hispid Cotton Rat 
Neotoma floridana Eastern Woodrat 
Microtus ochrogaster Prairie Vole 
Microtus pinetorum Woodland Vole 
Ondatra zibethicus Muskrat 
Synaptomys cooperi Southern Bog Lemming 
    Muridae 
   
Rattus norvegicus Norway Rat 
Mus musculus House Mouse 
    Zapodidae 
   
Zapus hudsonius Meadow Jumping Mouse 
Carnivora (Carnivores)    
    Canidae 
   
Canis latrans Coyote 
Vulpes vulpes Red Fox 
Urocyon cinereoargenteus Gray Fox 
    Procyonidae 
   
Procyon lotor Raccoon 
    Mustelidae 
   
Mustela frenata Long-tailed Weasel 
Spilogale putorius Eastern Spotted Skunk 
Taxidea taxus Badger 
Mephitis mephitis Striped Skunk 
    Felidae 
   
Felis rufus Bobcat 
Artiodactyla (Even-toed Ungulates)    
    Cervidae 
   
Odocoileus virginianus White-tailed Deer