University of Kansas Field Station

Birds

There are 255 bird species that have been recorded on University of Kansas Field Station lands from 1948 to the present.  Of those, 102 are confirmed breeders and are denoted with an asterisk--*.  Eighteen additional species are listed as probable breeders or former breeders only and are denoted with an asterisk in parentheses (*).

Some species only occur as summer residents (30%) and are absent in the winter, e.g., flycatchers, vireos, and swallows.  Others are residents and are present year round (15%), e.g., most woodpeckers, owls, chickadees, etc.  Many of the species are present as spring and fall migrants or visitants (40%), e.g. sandpipers, warblers, and thrushes.

The avifauna of the Field Station is composed of species typical of the eastern deciduous forest and the prairie-forest ecotone, including early-successional shrublands and open lands in former agricultural areas.  Several Great Plains specialties such as Harris’s Sparrow, Dickcissel, and Bell’s Vireo are commonly found on the northern tracts of the Field Station (Nelson Environmental Study Area, Rockefeller Experimental Tract, and Fitch Natural History Reservation).  Field Station tracts in the Baldwin Woods have essentially one habitat type (mature eastern deciduous forest) and this single habitat produces a specialized avifauna with several species that have a limited range in Kansas (e.g., Pileated Woodpecker, Acadian Flycatcher, Cerulean Warbler, and Worm-eating Warbler).  The area’s birdlife represents primarily an eastern fauna, but is situated at or near the western range limit for many species.  This geographic position affords many interesting opportunities for ecological research.

Any bird species seen on or flying over Field Station areas has been included in this list.  The checklist is based on field records of H. S. Fitch, R. Boyd, C. Cink, R. F. Johnston, M. Robbins, and G. L. Pittman and covers the period from 1948-present.  The list was compiled by G. Pittman with the aid of the aforementioned records and field surveys from 1985 to present.

This checklist is intended to provide the reader with an overview of the avifauna of the Field Station; seasonal abundance of Field Station species is presented in a separate Phenological Checklist.  General information on ecology and abundance of species occurring on the Field Station, and the region, can be found in Thompson and Ely (1989), Birds in Kansas.  Likewise, broader information on bird abundance and natural communities in the region can be obtained by contacting the Kansas Biological Survey. Detailed information on the local ecology of many of these species can be found in numerous scientific publications reporting research at the Field Station.  Specific questions as to abundance and ecology of birds at the Field Station, and current emphasis of ecological research, can be obtained by the Field Station administrative office.  An extensive research collection of birds is housed at the Natural History Museum on the main campus of the University of Kansas.

The taxonomic sequence and nomenclature used in this list follow the Checklist of North American Birds, 7th edition, American Ornithologists' Union, 1998, updated through the 50th Supplement, 2009 (The Auk 126(3):705-714, 2009).

Checklist of Field Station Birds

* Indicates either a confirmed or probable breeding species for the Field Station.

Gaviiformes (Loons)  
    Gavidae
 
Gavia immer Common Loon
Podicipediformes (Grebes)  
    Podicipedidae
 
Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe
Pelecaniformes (Pelicans and Allies)
    Pelecanidae
 
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos American White Pelican
    Phalacrocoracidae
 
Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormorant
Ciconiiformes (Herons, Storks, and Allies)
    Ardeidae
 
Botaurus lentiginosus American Bittern
Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron
Ardea alba Great Egret
Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret
Butorides virescens Green Heron *
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron
    Cathartidae
 
Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture *
Anserifromes (Waterfowl)  
    Anatidae
 
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose
Chen caerulescens Snow Goose
Chen rossii Ross's Goose
Branta canadensis Canada Goose *
Aix sponsa Wood Duck *
Anas strepera Gadwall
Anas americana American Wigeon
Anas rubripes American Black Duck
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard *
Anas discors Blue-winged Teal *
Anas clypeata Northern Shoveler
Anas acuta Northern Pintail
Anas crecca Green-winged Teal
Aythya valisineria Canvasback
Aythya americana Redhead
Aythya collaris Ring-necked Duck
Aythya affinis Lesser Scaup
Bucephala albeola Bufflehead
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye
Lophodytes cucullatus Hooded Merganser
Oxyura jamaicensis Ruddy Duck
Falconiformes (Hawks, Kites, and Falcons)
    Accipitridae
 
Pandion haliaetus Osprey
Ictinia mississippiensis Mississippi Kite
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald Eagle
Circus cyaneus Northern Harrier *
Accipiter striatus Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter cooperii Cooper's Hawk *
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk
Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered Hawk *
Buteo platypterus Broad-winged Hawk *
Buteo swainsoni Swainson's Hawk *
Buteo jamaicensis Red-tailed Hawk *
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Hawk
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle
    Falconidae
 
Falco sparverius American Kestrel *
Falco columbarius Merlin
Falco mexicanus Prairie Falcon
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon
Galliformes (Fowl-like Birds)  
    Phasianidae
 
Phasianus colchicus Ring-necked Pheasant *
Bonasa umbellus Ruffed Grouse *
Meleagris gallopavo Wild Turkey *
    Odontophoridae
 
Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite *
Gruiformes (Cranes, Rails and Allies)  
    Rallidae
 
Coturnicops noveboracensis Yellow Rail
Rallus limicola Virginia Rail
Porzana carolina Sora
Fulica americana American Coot
    Gruidae
 
Grus canadensis Sandhill Crane
Charadriformes (Shorebirds, Gulls, and Auks)
    Charadriidae
 
Charadrius vociferus Killdeer *
    Scolopacidae
 
Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs
Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs
Tringa solitaria Solitary Sandpiper
Actitis macularia Spotted Sandpiper *
Bartramia longicauda Upland Sandpiper
Calidris mauri Western Sandpiper
Calidris minutilla Least Sandpiper
Calidris fuscicollis White-rumped Sandpiper
Calidris melanotos Pectoral Sandpiper
Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe
Scolopax minor American Woodcock *
    Laridae
 
Larus pipixcan Franklin's Gull
Larus philadelphia Bonaparte's Gull
Larus delawarensis Ring-billed Gull
Sterna caspia Caspian Tern
Sterna forsteri Forster's Tern
Chlidonias niger Black Tern
Columbiformes (Pigeons, Doves and Allies)
    Columbidae
 
Columba livia Rock Dove *
Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove *
Cuculiformes (Cuckoos and Allies)  
    Cuculidae
 
Coccyzus erythropthalmus Black-billed Cuckoo *
Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo *
Strigiformes (Owls)  
    Tytonidae
 
Tyto alba Barn Owl
    Strigidae
 
Otus asio Eastern Screech-Owl *
Bubo virginianus Great Horned Owl *
Strix varia Barred Owl *
Asio otus Long-eared Owl
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl
Aegolius acadicus Northern Saw-whet Owl
Caprimulgiformes (Goatsuckers and Allies)
    Caprimulgidae
 
Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk
Caprimulgus carolinensis Chuck-will's-widow *
Caprimulgus vociferus Whip-poor-will *
Apodiformes (Hummingbirds and Swifts)
    Apodidae
 
Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift *
    Trochilidae
 
Archilochus colubris Ruby-throated Hummingbird *
Coraciiformes (Kingfishers and Allies)  
    Alcedinidae
 
Ceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher
Piciformes (Woodpeckers and Allies)  
    Picidae
 
Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed Woodpecker *
Melanerpes carolinus Red-bellied Woodpecker *
Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Picoides pubescens Downy Woodpecker *
Picoides villosus Hairy Woodpecker *
Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker *
Dryocopus pileatus Pileated Woodpecker *
Passeriformes (Perching Birds)  
    Tryrannidae
 
Contopus cooperi Olive-sided Flycatcher
Contopus virens Eastern Wood-Pewee *
Empidonax flaviventris Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher *
Empidonax alnorum Alder Flycatcher
Empidonax traillii Willow Flycatcher
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher
Sayornis phoebe Eastern Phoebe *
Myiarchus crinitus Great Crested Flycatcher *
Tyrannus verticalis Western Kingbird
Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird *
Tyrannus forficatus Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
    Lanidae
 
Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike *
    Vireonidae
 
Vireo griseus White-eyed Vireo *
Vireo bellii Bell's Vireo *
Vireo solitarius Blue-headed Vireo
Vireo flavifrons Yellow-throated Vireo *
Vireo gilvus Warbling Vireo
Vireo philadelphicus Philadelphia Vireo
Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo *
    Corvidae
 
Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay *
Corvus brachyrhynchos American Crow *
    Alaudidae
 
Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark *
    Hirundinidae
 
Progne subis Purple Martin *
Tachycineta bicolor Tree Swallow
Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern Rough-winged Swallow *
Riparia riparia Bank Swallow
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow *
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Cliff Swallow
    Paridae
 
Poecile atricapillus Black-capped Chickadee *
Baeolophus bicolor Tufted Titmouse *
    Sittidae
 
Sitta canadensis Red-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta carolinensis White-breasted Nuthatch *
    Certhiidae
 
Certhia americana Brown Creeper
    Troglodytidae
 
Thryothorus ludovicianus Carolina Wren *
Troglodytes aedon House Wren *
Troglodytes troglodytes Winter Wren
Cistothorus platensis Sedge Wren *
Cistothorus palustris Marsh Wren
    Sylviidae
 
Polioptila caerulea Blue-gray Gnatcatcher *
    Regulidae
 
Regulus satrapa Golden-crowned Kinglet
Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet
    Turdidae
 
Sialia sialis Eastern Bluebird *
Myadestes townsendi Townsend's Solitaire
Catharus fuscescens Veery
Catharus minimus Gray-cheeked Thrush
Catharus ustulatus Swainson's Thrush
Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush
Catharus mustelinus Wood Thrush *
Turdus migratorius American Robin *
    Mimidae
 
Dumetella carolinensis Gray Catbird *
Mimus polygottos Northern Mockingbird *
Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher *
    Sturnidae
 
Sturnus vulgaris European Starling *
    Bombycillidae
 
Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing *
    Parulidae
 
Vermivora chrysoptera Golden-winged Warbler
Vermivora peregrina Tennessee Warbler
Vermivora celata Orange-crowned Warbler
Vermivora ruficapilla Nashville Warbler
Parula americana Northern Parula *
Dendroica petechia Yellow Warbler *
Dendroica pensylvanica Chestnut-sided Warbler
Dendroica magnolia Magnolia Warbler
Dendroica tigrina Cape May Warbler
Dendroica caerulescens Black-throated Blue Warbler
Dendroica coronata Yellow-rumped Warbler
Dendroica virens Black-throated Green Warbler
Dendroica fusca Blackburnian Warbler
Dendroica pinus Pine Warbler
Dendroica palmarum Palm Warbler
Dendroica castanea Bay-breasted Warbler
Dendroica striata Blackpoll Warbler
Dendroica cerulea Cerulean Warbler
Mniotilta varia Black-and-white Warbler
Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart
Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary Warbler
Helmitheros vermivorus Worm-eating Warbler
Seiurus aurocapillus Ovenbird *
Seiurus noveboracensis Northern Waterthrush
Seiurus motacilla Louisiana Waterthrush *
Oporornis formosus Kentucky Warbler *
Oporornis philadelphia Mourning Warbler
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat *
Wilsonia citrina Hooded Warbler
Wilsonia pusilla Wilson's Warbler
Wilsonia canadensis Canada Warbler
Icteria virens Yellow-breasted Chat*
    Thraupidae
 
Piranga rubra Summer Tanager *
Piranga olivacea Scarlet Tanager *
Piranga ludoviciana Western Tanager
    Emberizidae
 
Pipilo erythrophthalmus Eastern Towhee *
Pipilo maculatus Spotted Towhee
Spizella arborea American Tree Sparrow
Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow *
Spizella pallida Clay-colored Sparrow
Spizella pusilla Field Sparrow *
Pooecetes gramineus Vesper Sparrow
Chondestes grammacus Lark Sparrow *
Passerculus sandwichensis Savannah Sparrow
Ammodramus savannarum Grasshopper Sparrow *
Ammodramus henslowii Henslow's Sparrow *
Ammodramus leconteii Le Conte's Sparrow
Passerella iliaca Fox Sparrow
Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow
Melospiza lincolnii Lincoln's Sparrow
Melospiza georgiana Swamp Sparrow
Zonotrichia albicollis White-throated Sparrow
Zonotrichia querula Harris's Sparrow
Zonotrichia leucophrys White-crowned Sparrow
Junco hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco
Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur
Calcarius pictus Smith's Longspur
    Cardinalidae
 
Cardinalis cardinalis Northern Cardinal *
Pheucticus ludovicianus Rose-breasted Grosbeak *
Guiraca caerulea Blue Grosbeak *
Passerina cyanea Indigo Bunting *
Passerina ciris Painted Bunting
Spiza americana Dickcissel *
    Icteridae
 
Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink
Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird *
Sturnella magna Eastern Meadowlark *
Sturnella neglecta Western Meadowlark
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Yellow-headed Blackbird
Euphagus carolinus Rusty Blackbird
Euphagus cyanocephalus Brewer's Blackbird
Quiscalus quiscala Common Grackle *
Quiscalus mexicanus Great-tailed Grackle
Molothrus ater Brown-headed Cowbird *
Icterus spurius Orchard Oriole *
Icterus galbula Baltimore Oriole *
    Fringillidae
 
Carpodacus purpureus Purple Finch
Carpodacus mexicanus House Finch
Carduelis pinus Pine Siskin
Carduelis tristis American Goldfinch *
Coccothraustes vespertinus Evening Grosbeak
    Passeridae
 
Passer domesticus House Sparrow *